The art of determining benefic and malefic planets for a lagna (or rashi) is best learnt from Dr. B.V. Raman’s excellent book – How to Judge a Horoscope. This post is what I have learnt from one of the early chapters in the book – “Considerations in Judging a House”. If Motilal Banarasidas has copyright issues with this article, let it be known to me. I will remove it immediately. Still, I believe that all aspiring astrologers should mug this chapter.
The chapter does not only talk about planet by planet list for each lagna, but spell out the rules in making this determination. Lordship of certain houses in the chart can make the planets deviate from their natural tendencies of doing good or bad. E.g. Jupiter, who is naturally the best beneficial planet, is not good for Kanya (Virgo) lagna. It is similarly neutral for Simha (Leo) lagna.
In the rules given below, Dr. Raman also talks about Kendradhipati Dosha, the blemish acquired by a natural benefic by virtue of lordship of an angle 4th, 7th or 10th house. The lord of Lagna does not get affected by this dosha.
Benefics for a lagna can be determined as:
The property of getting opposite traits to natural tendency is cancelled when the planet in question occupies its own house.
Malefics are determined as:
Based on the logic presented here, the list of benefic and malefic planet for each lagna can be summarized as follows.
|Lagna||Beneficial Planets||Inauspicious Planets||Special Comments|
|Aries (Mesha)||Jupiter, Sun, Mars||Saturn, Mercury, Venus||
Waxing Moon is not auspicious as it suffers from Kendradhipati dosha
|Taurus (Vrishabha)||Saturn, Mercury, Mars, Sun||Jupiter, Moon and Venus|
|Gemini (Mithuna)||Venus||Mars, Jupiter, Sun||
Mars would be very inauspicious for Gemini as it owns 6th and 11th Houses
|Cancer (Karka)||Jupiter, Mars||Venus, Mercury, Saturn||
Saturn owns both 7th and 8th houses
|Leo (Simha)||Mars and Sun||Mercury and Venus, Saturn||
Mars is a yogakaraka all by itself.
|Virgo (Kanya)||Venus||Moon, Mars, Jupiter|
|Libra (Tula)||Saturn, Mercury and Venus||Sun, Jupiter, Moon||
Mars through 2nd and 7th house ownership is a maraka by itself.
|Scorpio (Vrishchika)||Moon, Sun, Jupiter||Mercury, Venus|
|Sagittarius (Dhanu)||Mars, Sun||Venus, Saturn, Mercury|
|Capricorn (Makara)||Venus, Mercury, Saturn||Mars, Jupiter, Moon|
|Aquarius (Kumbha)||Venus, Mars, Sun||Jupiter, Moon|
|Pisces (Meena)||Moon, Mars||Saturn, Sun, Venus, Mercury|
Looking at the rule for beneficial planets, Saturn is not a part of the list for Mesha lagna. This is because He is also a simultaneous ruler for 11th house that take the beneficial streak away.
With all the credit given to Shri PVR Narsimha Rao (http://www.vedicastrologer.org/) as I copied this from one of the yahoo groups.
********* P.V.R.Narasimha Rao Starts *********
For the convenience of others, I want to outline Parasara’s basic guidelines:
Suppose Le rises and Jupiter is with Mars. Jupiter owns 5th and 8th. On account of 5th ownership, he is a benefic. On account of 8th ownership, he is a benefic as he is with Mars who is a benefic (yogakaraka). So overall Jupiter is a strong functional benefic.
Suppose Le rises and Jupiter is with Venus. Jupiter owns 5th and 8th. On account of 5th ownership, he is a benefic. On account of 8th ownership, he is a malefic as he is with Venus (3rd and 10th lord and malefic). So Jupiter is overall neutral.
Suppose Moon, Mars and Jupiter are together in the same chart. Being with Mars, Jupiter is a strong benefic (see above). Being with Mars and Jupiter, 12th lord Moon is a functional benefic.
This is a fundamental concept taught by Parasara and repeated many times:
Not every planet conjoining or aspecting the 7th house or 7th lord needs to give marriage. In fact, such a planet can break marriage or cause problems in it, if it is a functional malefic.
******** P.V.R.Narasimha Rao Ends *********